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Liability in Commercial Vehicle and Semi-Truck Accidents

Semi Truck Accident Lawyer in Florida


Semi truck accident with overturned cargo“Semi-truck” is a catch-all name for the largest of commercial trucks: tractor trailers, also called big rigs and 18-wheelers. The name originally comes from the trailer itself; because it has no front wheels, cannot operate independently and must be hauled, it is a “semi” truck. The total length of a semi-truck- trailer combination can be up to 75 feet on national network highways and usually a maximum of 65 feet on non-national network roads. Federal rules prohibit states from reducing acceptable lengths to less than 53 feet on interstate or access roads. Many states, including Florida, impose a 53 foot maximum on roads that are not federally funded.

 Big Rig and Semi Truck Accident Statistics

In 2022 alone, the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (FLHSMV) reported in its crash data report that there were 388,961 crashes in Florida, with 247,745 reported injuries and 3,428 reported traffic fatalities from all crashes reported. Many of these accidents involved large vehicles such as semi-trucks.

With commercial ports of entry on I-10, I-75 and I-95 on Florida’s highways and suburban streets, accidents involving semi-trucks are an everyday occurrence. In Palm Beach County alone, there are hundreds – if not thousands – of commercial truck accidents every year. The following are important statistics

  • About 4% of all registered vehicles in the United States are semi-trucks that carry huge loads of merchandise and equipment, much of it across state lines.
  • In 2018, semi-trucks accounted for 9% of all vehicles involved in fatal crashes and 4% of vehicles involved in injury and property-damage-only accidents.
  • 98% of accidents involving semi-trucks result in at least one death.
  • Fatal semi-truck accidents in the U.S. cost about $20 billion a year, $13.1 billion of this associated with fatalities and loss of quality of life due to injuries.
  • For every 100 miles driven on U.S. roads, there are about 2.3 deaths and 60.5 injuries caused by these big rigs.

Extensive data on truck accidents compiled by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (March 2020) indicates that there were 4,951 deaths caused by large truck crashes in 2018 alone, a more than 50% increase over the last ten years. When we add to that the 151,000 truck drivers, passenger car drivers and occupants, and others injured in 2018, this gives us a sense of the suffering wrought by trucks in accident scenarios. 

In the NHTSA’s 2022 Traffic Safety Facts publication using 2020 data, NHTSA reported that 72% of the large trucks involved in accidents causing fatalities involved large trucks greater than 26,000 pounds. Additionally, in 2020 there were 4,965 people killed in large truck crashes, 71% of the people killed in large truck crashes were people in other vehicles, and 76% of the fatal crashes involving large trucks occurred on weekdays. Additionally, in 2020 drivers of large trucks involved in deadly crashes had a higher percentage of previous crash records than did drivers of other vehicle types. In Florida, about 7.2% of vehicles involved in fatal crashes involved large trucks.

Here at Searcy Denney, we understand that those who have been injured in a truck accident may have sustained losses that have put them in an extremely vulnerable position. Some of our clients may struggle to return to work, reintegrate into their normal social and recreational activities, and — in some cases — simply survive.

Truck Crash Characteristics

In 2020, NHTSA reported that large trucks were more likely to be involved in multi-vehicle crashes causing death (as opposed to single-vehicle crashes) than passenger vehicles. NHTSA also highlighted the following in its 2020 report:

  • 27% of large-truck crashes causing death occurred on interstates.
  • 55% of large-truck crashes causing death occurred in rural areas.
  • 76% of large-truck crashes causing death occurred on weekdays (72% of which occurred during the hours of 6 a.m. to 5:59 p.m.)

Florida Semi Truck Accident Attorneys With Decades of Experience

At Searcy Denney, we bring decades of experience to representing individuals and families who have been injured and lost loved ones in semi-truck accidents throughout Florida. With our focus on personal injury and wrongful death representation and with a large team of attorneys, we have what it takes to fight against the biggest trucking and insurance companies in the industry. We have won millions of dollars for clients in semi-truck accidents, and accumulated more than $5.8 billion in verdicts and settlements across our areas of practice.

Here are just two examples of cases for which our Florida semi-truck accident lawyers have secured substantial settlements:

  • A team of Searcy Denney attorneys represented a mother who was severely injured when her van was rear-ended by a semi-truck carrying two loaded trailers. Our investigation revealed that the truck driver did not apply the brakes for more than three seconds after hitting our client’s vehicle, and secured the evidence necessary to refute the defense’s accusations that our client was partially at fault for her own injuries. With the trial approaching, our attorneys were able to successfully negotiate a confidential eight-figure settlement.
  • Two attorneys from our litigation team represented the family of a man who was tragically killed when the dump truck in which he was riding was struck by a UPS semi-truck. By obtaining the truck’s black-box data, conducting an exhaustive investigation and performing a full-scale accident reconstruction, our attorneys were able to demonstrate that the UPS driver was negligent in causing the collision. The parties agreed to a $2,850,000 settlement before the close of trial.

This is only a brief glimpse at our success in truck accident claims. Let a semi truck lawyer in Florida from Searcy Denney help you with your claim.

Our Law Firm Can Navigate Complex Employer Liability Situations

The legal strategies and claims brought by those who have been injured in a truck accident may be different than one might expect from a typical car accident. Before our semi-truck accident lawyers in Florida explore the various types of truck accidents that you’re likely to encounter on Florida roads, it’s important to understand certain fundamental liability concerns, such as employer liability.

Often, and this is particularly true in cases involving larger trucks and buses, the defendant who caused the accident at-issue is a professional truck driver employed in a commercial capacity. Depending on the circumstances, you may be entitled to sue and recover from their employer.

Florida employer liability is perhaps better understood separated into two categories: vicarious liability and independent employer negligence.

Vicarious Liability

In Florida, those who are injured due to the negligence of an employee — such as a truck driver — are entitled to bring an action for damages against the employer under the doctrine of vicarious liability. Vicarious liability lets you hold the employer directly responsible for the losses caused by their negligent employees, as long as you can show that the employee was acting within the course and scope of their employment at the time of the accident.

Independent Negligence

In Florida, employers can also be held separately liable for their own, independent fault contribution to your injuries. For example, if a trucking company fails to perform a background check on one of their drivers, and therefore fails to discover that the driver is unlicensed and has a history of reckless driving, then — if you are injured by their truck driver employee — you could hold the company liable for negligent hiring.

Additionally, trucking companies often overwork their employees and schedule them in such a way that they drive fatigued, exposing others on the road to a serious risk of injury. If you are injured by a trucker who was fatigued at the time of the accident, and further investigation reveals that they were overworked and scheduled in such a way as to negligently limit resting time, you could bring an action for damages against the trucking company. Having a lawyer will help you better assess and understand the circumstances surrounding your accident with a truck driver in Florida.


Semi-truck accidents involve various complexities including proving damages and who caused an accident victim’s damages. When selecting a semi-truck accident lawyer, be sure to consider various factors. One factor to consider is the severity of the accident. Semi-truck accidents are often more severe than a typical passenger auto accident. Semi-trucks are much larger than most standard vehicles. The physical damage and injuries that semi-trucks may cause are often serious and sometimes even fatal. Selecting a lawyer with big rig wreck experience is important.  

Another factor to consider is the complexity of the case.   Semi-truck accident cases are often complex involving greater damages and often involve multiple parties such as a trucking company, truck manufacturer, and multiple other drivers. 

Considering the complexity of determining the cause of a semi-truck accident is also important. Accidents involving semi-trucks can be especially complex and damaging because of the extra large size and weight of these big rigs. When these large trucks travel at high rates of speed, they can cause catastrophic damage when they collide with other vehicles.

Semi-truck accidents can occur for a variety of reasons such as a negligent truck driver, road conditions, and weather conditions, among others. Also, because of their size, it is typically harder for a semi-truck to stop quickly when a hazard suddenly arises in the roadway. Larger trucks also may have equipment failure that could cause the semi-truck to spin out of control. Issues like this can make determining who all is at fault difficult.

Victim damages in semi-truck wrecks may include, but are not limited to: medical expenses, estimated future medical costs, lost wages, future lost earnings ability, pain and suffering, permanent disability or disfigurement, or even wrongful death.  If you were injured in a semi-truck accident and have questions about your complex semi-truck wreck case, the Florida truck accident lawyers at Searcy Denney can help.  

Common Truck Accident Scenarios Explained By Our Florida Semi-Truck Accident Lawyers

Truck accidents can be quite variable, depending on the circumstances. In one case, a negligent driver may fail to properly secure his cargo, thus leading to falling debris and serious injuries. In another case, a truck driver may be driving in a distracted manner or speeding, thus leading to a T-bone accident. The outcome of your case following a truck accident will depend on the specific circumstances of your accident.

Our semi-truck accident lawyers in Florida explore some of the most common types of truck accidents.  Consider the following.

T-Bone Accidents

Side impact collisions, sometimes referred to as “T-Bone” collisions, can lead to particularly severe injuries, or even death, particularly in the truck accident context, where the impact forces are so significant.

Side impact collisions are so dangerous because they avoid the built-in structures that allow cars and trucks to absorb significant impact forces. Whereas a driver would have several feet of material protecting them in a head-on collision, they have mere inches of protection (i.e., door and pylon) on either side during a T-Bone accident.  Depending on the angle of the impact, the defendant’s truck might even make actual physical contact with the plaintiff.

Lost Load Accidents

When truck cargo is not properly secured, this can pose a serious risk of injury to others sharing the roadway — including drivers, passengers, and pedestrians — if the cargo load falls out of or off the truck and causes a collision.

It’s important to note that there are regulations concerning cargo loading to ensure that it is adequately secured and will not shift or come loose during truck operation. When any party (driver, cargo loaders, etc.) fails to adhere to the applicable regulations, or otherwise fails to exercise reasonable care in inspecting and handling cargo, then those who are injured by subsequent “lost loads” may have a right of action for damages under Florida law.

Rollover Accidents

Rollover accidents are among the more common types of truck accidents, and they often lead to catastrophic injuries and fatalities. According to a report conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, rollover accidents accounted for nearly 25 percent of all truck crash fatalities across the United States.

Oftentimes, the defendant’s liability is clear in a rollover accident lawsuit. Rollovers are generally avoidable if the driver exercises reasonable care and does not attempt to exceed safe operating speeds when making turns. In fact, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration report found that most rollover accidents occurred in areas where the speed limit was greater than 55 miles per hour. 

To know who should be named as the defendant, a lawyer will want to evaluate the facts to determine who or what is responsible for the rollover accident (i.e., unsafe driving by the truck driver, improper loading by a third party, mechanical failure due to faulty production or inspection, or any other reason – or combination of reasons – that could contribute to causing a rollover). Consulting with a semi truck accident lawyer in Florida is an important first step if you have been the victim of a truck rollover accident.

Safety Tips to Avoid a Truck Accident 

You can do your part in preventing a semi-truck accident when you find yourself sharing the road with one of these monster tractor trailers.

  • Remember that an 18-wheeler has significant limitations that you do not have in a passenger car. For example, a semi-truck cannot maneuver quickly; it cannot accelerate fast or “stop on a dime.” So it is highly dangerous to cut too closely in front of a semi-truck.
  • Keep your distance from these big rigs because it is hard to see around them, and it can be even harder for the driver to see you if you are pulling up alongside or passing. If you are trailing too closely, you won’t be able to see potential road hazards such as potholes. You could be in the path of cargo failing off or spilling out of the truck. You may not be able to react quickly enough in the event of a tire blowout, which can be a common occurrence in trucks this size.
  • Avoid pulling off on the shoulder in an emergency when the shoulder is not sufficiently wide to keep passing tractor trailers from side-swiping you as they whiz by in the right- hand lane. Either park completely off the road or try to forestall your emergency until you come to a rest area, parking lot, or other ample space.

Schedule a Free Consultation With Searcy Denney

Regardless of the circumstances, if you were injured or a loved one was killed in a semi-truck accident, you deserve to be fairly compensated for your losses. For more information about your rights, we encourage you to contact us for a free consultation. We are ready to fight for you, even if we have to take your case to court.

To speak with an experienced semi-truck accident lawyer in Florida, please call (800) 780-8607 or contact us online. Your initial consultation is completely free, and you pay nothing unless we recover compensation for you.

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"Cannot say enough about Mr. Ward and his team. Joanna and Mr. Ward helped me through a very difficult time while being extremely professional and prompt. I would highly recommend."
Posted By: Samantha Saundry