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Brain Injuries

Experienced Brain Injury Lawyers in Florida

Have you suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI) following an accident? If so, you may be entitled to compensation. At Searcy Denney, our knowledgeable brain injury lawyers in Florida fight for your right to damages.

Our personal injury law firm is comprised of attorneys with more than 40 years of experience. We focus on this area of law so that we can provide unparalleled dedication of resources, experience and attention to personal injury recovery. We handle high-stakes, complex personal injury claims, including class action, multi-district litigation (MDL) and mass tort claims. We understand the intricacies of such complicated medical conditions as brain injuries and have refined our processes for investigation, preparation and proof of these claims. Our team regularly takes on big corporations, including hospital conglomerates, products manufacturers, large corporate retail stores and other negligent parties.

Let us help you obtain justice. Contact us today to discuss your rights and legal options during a free, confidential consultation.

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) contribute to nearly one-third of injury fatalities. TBIs can occur at your home, workplace, car and in public places, such as retail stores, office buildings, sports arenas or your child’s school. In addition, brain damage may result from a defective product, a medical mistake, an unsafe premise, or an act of violence.

Searcy Denney can investigate the cause of your TBI and pursue damages from the individual or corporation that is responsible. Our Florida brain injury attorneys draw on 40 years of experience, our extensive resources and our substantial network of experts to prove the cause of your head injury and recover the damages to which you are entitled.

Medical Malpractice

A trip to the hospital may result in brain injury because of negligence, including:

  • Anesthesia errors. Anesthesia is a powerful drug that keeps you still during surgery, eliminates pain and erases all memory of the traumatic event. This miracle drug, however, can cause severe brain damage if the anesthesiologist injects too much, uses the wrong type or is negligent in the management of the patient.
  • Childbirth errors. Oxygen asphyxia may occur if the placenta becomes pinched or if the baby becomes trapped in the birth canal during a difficult vaginal delivery. The lack of oxygen may be responsible for brain damage to an otherwise healthy baby.
  • Falls in hospitals. Patients may be weak, dizzy and impaired by medication, which can affect balance, coordination, vision and awareness and hence contribute to a hospital fall. Hospitals have a duty to minimize risks factors to safeguard patients against falls.
  • Medication errors. When prescribing medication, a doctor has the duty to consider the patient’s weight, current health and drug interactions. Failure to do so can result in medication overdose, dangerous drug combination or inappropriate pharmaceutical type.

Motor Vehicle Accident

Traffic crashes are responsible for more than 14 percent of brain injury cases. Pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists are particularly vulnerable to brain damage when hit by a car or truck. Wearing a helmet can protect the head, but may not fully prevent TBI during a bicycle or motorcycle traffic crash. Likewise, seat belts and airbags minimize incidents of head injuries, and yet, traffic accidents remain a top five leading causes of TBI.


According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), assault causes almost 11 percent of head injuries. A sharp blow to the head with a fist, foot or a blunt object can cause a closed head injury. The victim may also strike his or her head on pavement or furniture when pushed. Additionally, the victim may suffer brain damage if a gunshot or knife penetrates the skull.

Falls and Strikes

The leading known cause of head injuries is falls, followed by being struck by an object. The CDC reports that falls account for more than 40 percent of head injuries. A fall may happen because of:

  • A defective ladder
  • A broken platform railing
  • An object encumbering a store aisle
  • A slippery floor or stairway
  • Spilled liquid
  • Uneven or broken pavement
  • A poorly designed childproof gate
  • Unsupervised playground equipment

According to the CDC, more than 15 percent of head injuries occur when something falls onto a person’s head or something strikes his or her head. Common scenarios include:

  • An object falls from an overstocked shelf
  • An object is dropped from an upper floor of a building
  • Furniture or equipment topples over
  • A tool falls through out of code construction scaffolding

Diagnosing Brain Injuries

Diagnosis for TBI consists of determining the severity and location of damage to the brain and resulting symptoms and disabilities. To do so, doctors may prescribe these common TBI analyses and tests:

  • Physical examination of the patient and understanding of the underlying accident
  • Examination of physical, speech, visual, movement and occupational impairments
  • CAT scan, MRI and PET scan that produce images of the brain
  • Cognitive and neuropsychological examination by trained specialists
  • Glasgow Coma Scale, Ranchos Los Amigos Scale, Loss of Consciousness, Posttraumatic Amnesia, Disability Rating Scale, Functional Independence Measure and other diagnostic scaling systems

Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)

The GCS encompasses several diagnostic tests medical professionals use to measure brain damage, including motor response, verbal response and eye opening. In each category, the doctor records a number with 1 indicating no response no sounds and no eye opening respectively.

  • Vegetative state, persistent vegetative state and brain death measure 3 or less points out of a possible 15.
  • Coma or severe disability, in which there is no response and no voluntary activity, equals 3 to 8 points out of a possible 15.
  • A patient with a score of 9 to 12 has a moderate disability that may benefit from rehabilitation.
  • A score of 13 to 15 (out of a possible 15) corresponds with mild brain damage.

Loss of Consciousness (LOC)

The longer a patient remains unconscious following a head injury, the more likely he or she sustained more serious brain damage, according to researchers. Loss of consciousness or mental status change equal to half an hour is considered mild, whereas between 30 minutes and six hours is moderate, and more than six hours is severe.

Posttraumatic Amnesia (PTA)

Posttraumatic amnesia is common after a head injury. Patients who sustain moderate to severe brain damage may never fully regain memory. However, patients with mild brain damage do typically recover memory over time. The PTA examination measures the time between the injury and when a patient begins to understand what is happening.

Disability Rating Scale (DRS)

The DRS is used to determine improvements or decline of function throughout TBI recovery. The lower the score, the less of a disability the head injury is at the time of assessment. A progressively declining score is a good sign that the patient is improving. Zero to one point indicates no to mild disability. By comparison, 22 to 29 points means the patient is in a vegetative or extreme vegetative state.

Functional Independence Measure (FIM)

The FIM offers another disability rating system that doctors use to assess disability resulting from TBI. However, on the FIM scale, a high score indicates milder disability, with seven showing complete independence and one the need for total assistance. A progressively escalating score is a positive sign for patient recovery.

What Are the Consequences of a Brain Injury?

Brain injury is a leading cause of disabilities and fatalities nationwide, accounting for almost one-third of all injury-related deaths. Approximately 2.5 million people sustain a head injury every year in the United States, resulting in about 50,000 deaths, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). About 5.3 million people currently live with a brain injury-related disability.

Survivors of TBI often have serious disabilities that require extensive treatment, rehabilitation and assistive care. Severe TBIs may result in lifelong serious impairment to cognition, judgment, memory, physical function and behavior. In the worst cases, patients may be brain dead, in a vegetative state or a coma.

Medically mild TBIs may cause temporary disabilities and can result in serious complications, especially in individuals who sustain repeated concussions or successive concussions. Overall, the costs of treating and caring for TBI survivors are high, typically ranging from a low of $600,000 to as much as $40 million or more. The emotional costs are even greater.

Minor Head Injuries

At first, you may believe the blow to your head is no big deal. You may feel no or only minor symptoms initially. You may not even know you sustained brain damage until others begin to notice the subtle changes in your mood, judgment, thinking and memory. Only then do the sudden headaches, depression, sensory disturbances, agitation and insomnia begin to make sense. This scenario describes a common result of minor head injury. Despite its medical reference as mild, a “minor head injury” can have serious consequences on your life.

Searcy Denney has helped victims of head injuries for 40 years. Our Florida brain injury lawyers recognize the pattern associated with TBI all too well. We have handled numerous cases in which no outward sign of trauma exists. The damage is hidden underneath the skull and manifests in mysterious complex ways that can have devastating consequences.

Diagnosing Minor Head Trauma

Often the first indication of head trauma is the accident itself, whether you fell or received a violent jolt to the body, or something landed on your head. Trauma may have occurred in an auto accident, an assault, or a fall from a height. Even a relatively light force can cause damage to your brain.

Your doctor may send you for tests, including MRI, CAT scan, PET scan and other diagnostics. These tests are not only valuable tools for treating your medical condition, but are also vital to your legal case.

Medical Classification of Mild TBI

Most traumatic brain injuries are classified as medically mild. To properly classify your injury, your doctor typically performs a series of diagnostic tests and assessments. Your doctor may classify your TBI as mild if:

  • The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) estimates are within the range of 13 to 15 points
  • Unconsciousness lasts for less than 30 minutes
  • Posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) improves
  • Disability Rating Scale (DRS) score is low
  • Functional Independence Measure (FIM) is high

Proving Mild Head Injury Damages

The lack of outward signs of trauma can complicate head injury claims. Evidence Searcy Denney may use to prove your claim include:

  • Diagnostic imaging and lab results that show the area of brain damage
  • Results of diagnostic analyses for traumatic brain injury and disability as described above
  • Accident reconstruction to show that your injuries are consistent with the accident
  • Witnesses to testify about your behavioral, cognitive, memory and emotional changes since the accident
  • Your personal experiences with pain, physical limitations and cognitive impairment since the accident.


A concussion is a medical term that describes a traumatic head injury that is often mild and temporary. Mild only refers relatively to the level of brain damage. All brain damage is serious and can carry substantial long-term repercussions.

Our Florida brain injury lawyers have the knowledge and experience to prove the devastating consequences of your concussive brain injuries. We often consult with our team of medical experts who can explain the anatomy and the long-term complications arising from your concussion. We build a strong case for your financial, emotional and physical losses to recover the maximum possible compensation.

Concussion Symptoms

In some cases, concussion results in immediate amnesia, loss of consciousness, sensory impairment, vomiting, confusion and dizziness. However, the symptoms of a concussion may not appear right away, but may take days or weeks to manifest as a result of changes in brain chemistry. Symptoms of a concussion are often subtle, but indicate a much more serious underlying problem.

Concussion Complications

You may feel and appear like you are recovering from your concussion, but actually have long-term damage. A concussion can result in such serious complications as:

  • Epilepsy. A concussion doubles the risk that a person will develop epilepsy within five years.
  • Post-concussion syndrome. Headaches, dizziness, poor attention, loss of memory, cognitive impairment and other symptoms may appear days after the concussive injury and continue for months.
  • Post-traumatic headaches. Severe headaches may start a week or many months after the concussion.
  • Post-traumatic vertigo. Dizziness and imbalance may manifest within days or many months.
  • Cumulative brain damage. Multiple concussions may result in permanent, progressive impairment.
  • Second impact syndrome. A second concussion that occurs before the previous concussion has healed can cause rapid, fatal swelling of the brain.

Risk of Multiple Concussions

Repeated concussions add to the risk of serious chronic brain disease. The individual concussions may be minor, but the cumulative effect can cause dementia, aggression, behavior changes and reduced mental functioning that alters your life forever.

Additionally, successive concussions may be fatal. If you still have symptoms of a concussion when you receive a second concussive injury, your brain may swell, which is an urgent, life-threatening condition.

Athletes in contact sports risk repetitive concussion, as do workers in high-risk industries who might have a second on-the-job accident and drivers who might be in a second auto crash.

TBI Liability and Damages

In order to prevail on a TBI claim, you must prove each element of your claim. Searcy Denney fully investigates what happened, who is liable, what injuries you sustained, and how much damages you are entitled to.

Our Florida brain injury lawyers gather crucial evidence as to the cause of your TBI and the liability of the negligent individual or corporation, including for an auto accident, premises liability, defective product or violence accident. We have access to top brain injury experts who consult on diagnoses and the immediate symptoms and long-term disabilities caused by your TBI.

We pursue damages for brain injury treatment, lost income, disabilities, TBI-related expenses, pain, suffering and emotional distress. If your loved one sustained a severe brain injury, we pursue damages you sustained as well as those of your family member.

Our goal is to help you recover the funds you need to obtain quality medical treatment and rehabilitation and to improve your quality of life as much as possible.

Learn More About Recovering Damages From Our Florida Brain Injury Lawyers

Searcy Denney has represented Florida accident victims in complex cases involving brain injuries for more than four decades. Learn how we can help you recover damages from the person or corporation that caused your brain injuries. Your first consultation is free and our law firm takes your claim on contingency, which means you do not owe us lawyers’ fees or costs until we have successfully recovered damages for you through a settlement or a trial verdict. Call our brain injury lawyers in Florida today at (800) 780-8607 or contact us online to schedule a case evaluation.